英語グレイゴBLOG (NHKラジオ講座ディクテ)


カテゴリ: 実践ビジネス英語


H: Pearson cites statistics about the number of freelancers expected in coming years. And McMillans says he’s heard they have high job satisfaction. Pearson says Millennials are passionate about flexibility and work-life balance. And he and Grace talk about changes in where people physically do their work.

in the not too distant future
H: At a future time that is not far off, that is not very long from now. We also say the not too distant past. Things like “In the not too distant past, no one had cellphones.” Or “In the not too distant past, we didn’t have antibiotics.” 

healthcare coverage
H: In this case, coverage refers to the amount and type of protection that an insurance agreement gives you. If you ask someone “How’s your coverage?” or “What’s your coverage?” You’re asking them what their policy pays for and what percentage. We also use the word cover this way. “This insurance policy covers fire and earthquake damage.” Or “I’m covered for fire and earthquake damage.”
S: coverageには保険の保障範囲という意味以外に、報道機関による報道といった意味もありますね。その場合にはmedia coverageとかpress coverageというふうに使います。

on demand
H: McMillan up at the top says “I’ve seen surveys that show on-demand freelance workers have high levels of job satisfaction.” On demand means you can get something whenever you need it or ask for it. McMillan is talking about freelancers who work when a company requests their services. Likewise we can watch movies on demand now. We can just go to our computers, click on the movie we want and it starts streaming.

here to stay
H: Not going to change or leave. Firmly established. Things like “Is virtual currency here to stay or is it just a fad?” or  “The cold weather is here to stay for a while. Temperatures will be low through the week.”

be passionate about
H: Care about something a lot. Be devoted to it. You may not have noticed but I’m really passionate about movies. I love watching them, critiquing them. Or you could say “He’s really passionate about animal rights. He works hard to protect animals and to spread awareness of the issue.”

lock oneself into
H: Commit to something, fix yourself in a position. “He’s locked himself into working at this company for five years.” Or you could reverse it and say “This contract locks him into working here for five years.”

H: Down at the bottom, Pearson says “The workforce of the future will be mobile, flexible, and autonomous.”

be evaluated according to results
H: Be assessed, be judged according to the results we produce. You could say “Job applicants are evaluated by their résumé, interviews, and a writing test.” Or “We need to reevaluate our market strategy.”

H: Mainstream refers to what most people do, what’s considered standard in some situation. We also say go mainstream or become mainstream. Become common practice, become ordinary. Acupuncture has gone mainstream in the United States. Not considered exotic anymore.
H: mainstream mediaと言えば従来からある新聞、雑誌、テレビなどの既存の主流媒体のことです。ニューメディア、例えばインターネットや携帯電話などを利用した新しいメディア、online media、wireless media、などに対してmainstream mediaというふうに使います。


H: Grace describes a poll she took of A&A managers, many of whom said people were dressing more casually than before. Ueda mentions the Cool Biz campaign in Japan, but says Japan’s offices are a long way from going casual. Grace talks about the kinds of equipment that are now standard in American offices as well as the so-called gig economy.

business casual dress code
H: Relatively casual clothes that are still appropriate for the workplace. Maybe requiring men to wear a dress shirt, but no jacket or tie. Likewise women could wear a nice sweater with a shirt or slacks instead of a more formal women’s suit. I’ve also seen things like dressy casual on a party invitation. That’s a similar idea, so things like maybe a nice but not too formal dress.
S: いまヘザーさんはdressy casualと言っていましたね。他にも例えばsmart casualとかいくつかの表現方法があるんですけれど、何がbusiness casualで何がsmart casualで何がdressy casualなのかという定義はあまりはっきりしていないんですね。一般的に言えばテニスシューズやTシャツなどはこういった範疇に入らないとされていますがオフィスウェアがカジュアル化しているので、そういったものもbusiness casual、ビジネスの場における比較的カジュアルな服装の範疇に入ってくるようになるかもしれませんね。

S:Ueda Shotaが中ほどで言っていました。hot and humid summer months、高温多湿の夏の時期ということですね。
H: Another way to say this less formally is muggy. There’s also sultry weather and that means humid and hot.
S: muggy、蒸し暑い。日本の夏についてよく使われる形容詞です。humidからhumidifierといえば加湿器のことですね。

be a long way from
H: Something will not happen for a long while. It won’t be achieved for a long while. Such as “We’re a long way from curing cancer.” Or “He’s still a long way from opening his own business.”
S: 何々どころではない、何々とは決して言えないといったようなニュアンスですね。

go the casual route
H: Or go the casual . That’s fine, too. Go the something route means take a certain approach. For example, many people are not buying expensive items these days. They’re renting them. So a lot of people are going the rental route. Or he’s decided to go the freelance route instead of working for a company full-time. 

H: In this case concern means be related to, involves. Such as “This study concerns the obesity problem in the United States.” Or “Gender equality is an issue that concerns all of us.”

the rule rather than the exception
H: The way things usually happen, rather than the unusual event, the normal event, no the deviation from the norm. Nowadays having a cellphone is the rule rather than the exception. 

gig economy 
H: A gig is a job or a task that’s usually for a limited time or one project. Musicians especially have gigs. “The band has a gig next week at the club.” Or “She has a speaking gig at the university this year.” And the gig economy is the world of jobs assigned on a one by one basis. Gig economy workers include freelance translators, drivers who work for ride-sharing services, that sort of thing.

work side by side with
H: Work alongside would be OK here, too. Work next to, in other words. Work closely with. “He parked alongside the building.” Or “We worked side by side on the project for two months.”



H: McMillan asks about recent trends in the workplace and Grace cites an employee benefit that has become particularly important for A&A staff. 
Salmans says the traditional performance reviews once conducted annually are now considered obsolete. 
Pearson adds that the atmosphere and clothing at workplaces have become more casual. 

be all the rage
H: Be the latest popular trend, be very popular lately. Yogurt is all the rage these days. Or voluntourism is all the rage now. You can also say the thing or the latest thing. Like, wide neckties are the thing these days.  
S:いまヘザーさんの言っていたのは、all the rageに代わるフレーズとして、the thingあるいはthe latestということですね。the latest thing in computersと言えば最新のコンピューターということですね。

in line with 
H: Or in keeping with. Matching those trends, adjusting to those trends. We’re lowering our prices in line with market trends. Or we’re changing our design in line with consumer feedback. 

employee benefit 
H: Lydia Grace says “Well, maternity leave has become an important employee benefit.” A perk provided to employees. We also say benefits to refer to money that’s paid to people who need financial help. Unemployment benefits are paid to people who are out of a job. Disability benefits to people who have suffered a disability and can’t work. 

compete for 
H: Grace could also say vie for top talent. V-i-e. Try to be better than other companies so that talented people, top talent, will work for you instead of the other companies. Students compete for scholarships. Employees vie for promotions. 
S: vie for top talent、vie、いまヘザーさんがv-i-eというふうにスペルアウトしてくれました。発音は ですね

H: Keep, in other words. The team decided to retain their head coach for another year. And we also have the word retainer, which can mean a fee paid to retain to have on call the services of a  professional adviser, like a lawyer or a consultant. We have several tax attorneys on retainer.   
S: retainerというのは弁護士とかコンサルタントに支払う依頼料のことですね。だいたい毎月同じ額を請求する、活動の多少に関わらず一定額を顧問料として支払うもの、それがretainerですね。

become outdated
H: Become out of date, outmoded, no longer appropriate for technology or ways of thinking. He has very outdated ideas about women in the workplace.

H: In this case, clumsy means awkward, inefficient. A clumsy presentation might include confusing charts, for example. Or the speaker might talk too much about irrelevant things. And people who are physically awkward are also called clumsy. If we trip a lot, drop things, bump into things. I’m very clumsy. Once I tripped and fell down some stairs.
S:いまヘザーさんはphysically clumsyと言って例文を紹介してくれましたね。この場合のclumsyというのは、すぐ物を壊してしまうほど動きがぎこちない、といったような意味ですね。

H: Not accurate, not correct. The company released inaccurate sales data. Or to use the noun, his bio had a few inaccuracies. He was born in 1965, not 1967. 



S: In our current vignette, Bill Nissen describes how his previous boss told him to speak his mind. He said his door was always open. However, it backfired when his boss actually resented his honesty. Have you ever experienced something like that, Heather?

H: Not quite but years ago I did get a harsh lesson in office politics. Basically I had just joined the company and I foolishly spoke ill of one staffer to another. I believe I was right in what I said but I shouldn’t have said anything until I had determined whose loyalties lay where. Because long story short, the person I complained to was very close to the person I was complaining about. And the person I complained to told the person I was complaining about, passed on what I’d sad. From that point on, I was irrevocably on their bad side. In retrospect it was especially foolish because the person I was complaining about had been at the company for a while. All I can say in my defense is that I was very young and inexperienced. 

S: Some lessons have to be learned the hard way, I guess. Nissen goes on to say that he began to burn out, that it was a struggle to get up in the mornings, 

H: That sounds like a real danger sign. I’m glad that the character got out of such a stressful environment and I hope that more and more people will be able to do that in real life as well. I’m sure many people try to soldier on through destructive situations because they have career dreams and they’re conscientious employees but no one, no one should sacrifice their mental or physical health for a job. I would say to them “Why should you destroy yourself? Why should you go to such lengths for a company that obviously would not do the same for you? If they’re not willing to show you the devotion that you’re showing them, then they don’t deserve you. Look for something else. There must be something else.”

S: The vignette also discusses how Millennials are spending more money on experiences, which is hurting retail stores.

H: We had a story on this in the paper not too long ago.   Apparently department stores and fashion buildings in Japan are trying to tackle this problem by offering rental or experience-based services. According to the article, Sales are department stores were down 40 percent in 2016 from their peak in 1991. So now we’re seeing things like a Japan department store that offers workshops for making accessories. Another location was hosting one-time lessons in things like photography and English conversation under the theme of casual self-improvement. Their aim was to attract young women on their way home from work.


H: Pearson lists some things that people bought in large quantities before the Great Recession. And Grace says the retail stores will not disappear entirely. Nissen describes the store of the future as incorporating facial recognition, robots that get purchased items from a warehouse, and deliveries to customers’ homes by driverless car or drone.

dine out
H: Or eat out. That would work, too. They both mean eating outside the home. The opposite expressions are dine in or eat in, which mean eat at home. Things like “We always eat in on Sundays so we can get to bed early.” Or “They dined in on Valentine’s Day. Just a romantic dinner at home for two.”
S: dine out、eat out、同じような意味で使いますね。外食する。その反対はdine in、eat inですけれど、eat in、最近は日本語としても使われますね。コンビニの一角などにイートインスペースなどと書いたところがあります。

Things have changed.
H: The situation has changed. Times have changed. “Working here used to be very stressful but things have changed. The bosses are more supportive now.” Or divorce used to be very embarrassing, you know, a social disgrace. But things have changed. 

in particular
S: particularlyという副詞を使うこともできますね。

As we know it
H: Something in the form that we’re used to. In the way we’re accustomed to it existing. Smartphones, for example, changed communications as we knew it. Or driving as we know it today, you know, driving by ourselves or our own vehicles, someday that may completely disappear.

greet by name
H: Nissen says you’ll walk into a store in the future and be greeted by name. Someone will use your personal name when they say hello. The point here is that they recognize you. They know your name. “Our president knows all the staff, all 100 people, and greets them by name.”

facial recognition
H: Technology that recognizes a person’s face and then gives them access to something. Likewise, there’s voice recognition technology. Maybe someday we’ll open our front doors with facial recognition technology or start our driverless cars that way.
S: 他にもrecognitionを使ったものいくつかありますね。voice recognitionと言えば音声認識、それからfingerprint recognition、指紋認証、指紋認識。日本語でもOCRとして使うのはoptical character recognition、光学文字認識です。

via driverless car or drone
H: Here drone refers to those little flying copter things, which personally I’m just dying to get one one day. It looks like fun. But it can also refer to someone who does tedious or menial work, a drudge. “She quit her job because she felt like a corporate drone. Instead she opened her own consulting firm.”
S: drone、日本語でいうドローンのことも指しますね。その他にも怠け者といったような意味があります。また、動詞としては、He droned on and on.(彼はつまらないことを長々とクドクドと喋った)という意味で使います。