SUMMARY: McMillan says obesity increases such things as absenteeism and healthcare claims, while Ueda relates his surprise at America’s high healthcare costs among industrialized countries. Grace says companies offer various services to improve employees’ peace of mind. And McMillan describes a program run by one of A&A’s competitors, which Wu praises as an example of peer pressure working for good.
H: Push up, force to increase. “Bad weather can drive up the price of fresh food.” “Instability in the financial markets drove up the yen against the dollar.”
H: Here’s a word that is often used differently, English and Japanese. In Japanese, claim often means complaint, right? But in English we would say “I filed a complaint with the personnel department.” Or “I submitted a complaint to the manufacturer.” We wouldn’t say claim in this situation. But regarding insurance policies and such, a claim is a request for payment. “She filed a claim with the insurance company after her house was robbed.”
be expressed as
H: Be presented in a certain form, conveyed in a certain form. Like, “This app tells you how much money to save, expressed as a percentage of your salary.” “This report lists our costs, expressed as a percentage of total sales.”
rank in the bottom quartile
H: When scores and such are divided into four groups, you have quartiles. I searched online and found things like “This mutual fund is in the top quartile for investment returns.” So it’s among the top 25% mutual funds in terms of return on investment.
H: How long you’re expected to live. Japan, of course, has extremely high life expectancy. We hear about this in the news all the time.
H: This is a sad expression to have to know. It refers to how many children die when they’re still babies. You’ll hear things like “This organization works to lower infant mortality around the world.”
H: This is surely familiar to everybody, the Chinese practice of healing through the insertion of needles. We would say if we’re going to do this, we would say, “I’m going to get some acupuncture tomorrow.” Or “I have an acupuncture session tomorrow.” And お灸 is called moxibustion.
H: Pressure from one’s peers, members of one’s group, to do a certain thing or act a certain way. You can use this about organizations as well as individual people. Such as “Peer pressure could be used to encourage better maternity leave programs.” If top companies do it, then other companies will, too.
motivate someone to
H: Encourage, inspire a person to do something. “Seeing Carl exercise so much motivated me to start jogging.” “His encouragement motivated her to start her own business.”
WORDS AND PHRASESに取り上げなかった語句